Ethiopian Veterinary Association (EVA) is an autonomous non-for-profit professional membership organization in Ethiopia, established on June 22, 1974 through the initiative of 13 visionary veterinarians. The association is a member of the World Veterinary Association. It has a mandate of promoting and strengthening the veterinary profession, respect professional ethics and code of conduct, and above all to safe guard the right of veterinarians. Moreover, EVA has been contributing to the emergence of efficient, effective and competitive livestock industry in Ethiopia. The association is dedicated to policy advocacy, development, promotion, and dissemination of knowledge and good practices in the livestock sector and serving the interest of the society.
The association is registered and accorded legal personality with Registry Number 0495 as local organization in accordance with the Civil Society Organizations Proclamation no. 1113/2019 (First registration occurred in 2009). The association has close to 2000 members involved in different sectors of the profession.
Background and Rationale Through the current EVA-HEARD Project (Health of Ethiopian Animals for Rural Development Project), the association would like to commission the a qualified consultant to study and design a comprehensive, internationally acceptable standard methodological framework or indicators to be employed to determine the current and future veterinary services coverage of Ethiopia.
For countries like Ethiopia, where agriculture is the main economic stand for majority (about 80%) of the population and livestock has a great economic and cultural significance, animal health and welfare are of paramount importance. The responsibility of managing these professional services that contribute enormously to improved food security and poverty alleviation falls squarely on the veterinary service sector of the country.
The development and growth of many poor countries depend mainly on the performance of their agricultural policies and economics. This relates directly to the coverage and quality of their veterinary services. Quality of national veterinary services depends on a range of factors, which include fundamental principles of ethical, organizational and technical nature. Veterinary services need to operate on scientifically based principles and be technically competent, independent and immune from political pressure (OIE, 2010). In Ethiopia, the focus of strategic plans like GTP I, II and III, animal health strategy and the livestock master plan with respect to the livestock sector have been targeting in improving coverage, quality and regulatory aspects of animal health services. Accordingly, an all-encompassing animal health information system capable of generating real time epidemiological information which would help for investigation, control, early warning and early reaction should be established.
Improved animal health services could hugely increase livestock productivity and the earnings of their owners. Although the coverage and quality of such services are less than satisfactory, provision has expanded and improved across Ethiopia. To meet rising export standards and enhance the quality of animal health services, the Ethiopian government has embraced standards set by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
Regardless of the wide-ranging efforts made to improve quality and coverage of veterinary services in Ethiopia, there are still major gaps in realizing services of the desired quality and coverage. Further, while there is variation among regions on the way they determine the veterinary workforce they require, the national veterinary service system in Ethiopia recommends one animal health expert for three kebeles. However, little information is available to justify the real coverage of veterinary clinic and animal health posts, laboratories, private animal health service providers, quarantines and certification and inspection at border post, abattoir inspection, disease surveillance and outbreak reporting, the capacity of laboratories and veterinary clinics to provide definitive diagnosis for tests and treatment choices. Information on the involvement of private sector, their distribution across different geographical areas of the country and the range of services they provide is also scarce. Furthermore, there is no nationally adapted standardized methodological framework for determining the animal health services coverage in the country including standards of determining the number of animal health personnel required for the veterinary service. The national veterinary service system in Ethiopia recommended one animal health expert for three kebeles, while there is variation among regions on the way they determine the veterinary workforce they require. There is also no adequate data to provide operational and physical status of diverse animal health infrastructures across the different regions of the country.
The OIE employs its own PVS tools for determining performance of veterinary services of countries by using different parameters. One of the four pillars of the OIE PVS tool is the human, physical and financial resources allocated to the veterinary service in which the professional and technical staffing of the veterinary services is one of the major components. Therefore, strengthening the Ethiopian veterinary services in line with the OIE standards and the requirements of livestock and livestock products importing countries would make it competitive with other countries engaged in the livestock and livestock products export industry by enhancing national compliance with sanitary and phytosanitary standards. Furthermore, accurate statistics on the national animal health service coverage of a country enables decision makers to efficiently plan and implement required policy and strategic interventions. This is more logical and pragmatic approach to reduce disease impact and boost production for the food and nutritional security of the livestock producers of the country.
Compounded with this there has been very scarce to no standard indicators or methodological framework to determine up-to-date veterinary or animal health services coverage of the country, making it difficult for public and private actors to design and implement policies and investments which is meant to expand service coverage at different level of the country from Federal to frontline Kebele level.
The objective of this task is to study and design a comprehensive, internationally acceptable standard methodological framework or indicators to be employed to determine the current and future veterinary services coverage of Ethiopia.
The below key animal health service areas will be in scope to design comprehensive methodological framework or indicators to estimate veterinary services coverage of the country,
- Public veterinary clinics and health posts
- Private veterinary services (services providers, veterinary drugs and biological importers, wholesalers and retailers)
- Physical Infrastructures (clinics, animal health post, vaccination crush, cold store etc.)
- Human and financial resources available for relevant services
- Veterinary diagnostic laboratories
- Outbreak investigation and reporting system (disease reporting system)
- Regular surveillance
- Quarantine and border security services/check post
- Slaughter houses, export abattoir inspection and certification services
- Production systems and agroecology
- Legal frameworks
- Input and supplies
- Institutional structure
- Capacity building trainings
- Animal species/population
- Standards, guidelines and reference materials
Expected Outputs of the Study
A report on comprehensive and internationally acceptable methodological framework with detail list of indicators designed to estimate animal health services coverage of Ethiopia.
Methodology and Tasks to be Accomplished
The current assignment will be carried out by an external consultant having a team of qualified experts (a team leader and senior consultants). The consultants are expected to have adequate and good understanding of Ethiopian animal health care service systems, understanding of various livestock production systems and agro-ecologies, institutional, governing structures and strategies. The consultants are expected to have a good understanding of the current constraints and opportunities of the Ethiopian livestock production systems in general, and the animal health services in particular. In addition, experiences of handling related assignment along with a good understanding of local and international animal health care requirements and principles are required.
The consultant will work mainly through a desk review to carry out the following assignment. Consultation of senior individuals, and key informant interview of different directors and Regional vet officers will be employed as necessary. They may also require to virtually communicate with the Regional veterinary officers on need basis to get some particular information or data.
The following approaches, methodologies and tools will be employed to design methodological framework to estimate national animal health services coverage of Ethiopia.
- Define detailed objectives for the current assignment and design data collection formats/templates, clear approach, study methods, phasing work plan and method of data analysis.
- Study the current animal health services in Ethiopia and the methods used to determine the number of veterinary workforces required nationally and regionally.
- Identify the major gaps in the current national animal health service coverage in the country and the way forward.
- Review of literature, reports, newsletters and bulletin of MoA and other affiliate institutions and Regions. Matching the literature review finding with the local situation and practice in the country
- Identify, analyze, prioritize and document appropriate and internationally acceptable methodological framework to determine the national animal health service coverage of the country.
- Standard approach will be employed to design indicators. OIE and other international standards will be reviewed to guide indicator design.
- Employ standard monitoring, learning, evaluation and measurement approaches and methods to ensure design of SMART indicators.
- Practices of other countries will be reviewed and those which best fit to Ethiopian condition will be adapted
- Identify and forward recommendations for the implementation of the methodological framework by the main stakeholders of the animal health service delivery.
- In collaboration with EVA, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and other concerned stakeholders, the draft methodological framework will be reviewed and refined. Draft document will be further enriched at the wider stakeholder consultation from Federal and Regions.
- A total of 45 working days are envisaged for the study.
- The tasks will be directly overseen by EVA HEARD Project in collaboration with MoA and ILRI HEARD project.
- An inception report needs to be prepared, presented and validated at the end of the first week of commencement of the award focusing on the approach, methodology, work plan and outlines prepared to carry out the assignment.
- The consultants are expected to produce the first draft document within 30 days and report back to project coordinator of the EVA-HEARD grant. EVA in collaboration with MoA will organize a meeting to review the draft document. Comments will be incorporated before the end of the consultant’s assignment that needs to be submitted as agreed up on.
- The consultant will regularly report to EVA HEARD Project on progresses made. Accordingly, all the necessary guidance and support will be provided. Developments will be communicated to EVA Board, MoA and state minister and the CVO for further enrichment and guidance.
- The final recommendations on methodological framework or indicators to determine the national veterinary services coverage of the country will be presented by the consultant to relevant stakeholders to validate the output.
- The final agreed document will be officially submitted to Ministry of Agriculture for further implementation.
Required Qualification and Experiences
- A team leader and senior consultants with a minimum MSc/PhD in veterinary medicine
- The team leader must have a minimum of 10 years hands on experience in veterinary and animal health research, development and academia
- The team needs to comprise senior consultants with a minimum of 7 years hands on experience in veterinary services and experiences of conducting similar studies. In addition, Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning expert having a minimum of 7 years practical experience and familiarity of employing standard M&E approach, methods and tools
- Familiarity with the current governance and institutional arrangement of Ethiopian Veterinary services
- Familiarity with the international animal health standards and principles of OIE, FAO and WTO
- Demonstrated ability to work in multi-cultural and multi-disciplinary team of experts and information/data providers
- Have a good understanding and familiarity with the monitoring, evaluation learning and measurement tools and approaches
- Project management monitoring and evaluation skills
- Excellent organizational, planning, communication and team work skills
- Strong analytical skill, creativity, delivering result under tight deadline
- Working knowledge of the English language (speaking and writing);
- Applicants should be legally registered (should bear legally renewed consultancy certificate)
How to Apply
- Applicants need to submit all their credentials and legal registration certificate for consultancy service (All consultancy team members’ credentials need to be submitted)
- Detail physical and financial plans need to be developed and submitted
- All documents need to be submitted in sealed envelopes ,
- Applications can only be made through either of the following means:
- In person to
- Ethiopian Veterinary Association, Secretariat Office
- Yeka Sub City, Woreda 08, Togo Avenue Street, Around British Embassy – Near to School of Tomorrow.
- Through the Association’s Postal address: P.O. Box: 2462, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
For more information please call: Phone No. +251115525020 / +251118697868 / +251960037125 / +251940086194 / +251952677794
Applicants need to apply within 10 working days from the date of advertisement
Application through email will not be valid .